About Infertility

About Infertility

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse.
Causes of infertility are many and varied and involve male, female or a combination of factors. This includes problems with the production of sperm or eggs, the structure or function of male or female reproductive systems; and/or hormonal and immune conditions.
Causes of female infertility
Female fertility can be affected by
  • a woman’s age
  • tubal disease or problems with the fallopian tubes
  • ovulation disorders
  • endometriosis
  • polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • fibroids
  • Salpingitis (Pelvic inflammatory disease) caused by sexually transmitted disease.
Causes of male infertility
Male fertility can be affected by problems with sperm production or the transport process such as:
  • Blocked / absent vas deferens (tubes)
  • Low sperm number and/or poor sperm production
  • High numbers of abnormally shaped sperm
  • Failure of sperm production
  • Anti-sperm antibodies
  • Sperm DNA fragmentation
  • Genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis or a chromosomal abnormality
How do you treat infertility?
Following some routine tests and investigations, your fertility specialist can formulate a personalised treatment plan with you, beginning, where possible, with the simplest most natural options.
There is a wide variety of fertility treatment options available including:
  • Ovulation cycle tracking to help confirm ovulation and pin point your fertile window
  • Ovulation induction to help encourage ovulation with medications
  • Artificial insemination
  • In vitro fertilisation
  • Fertility surgery
  • Advanced science such as pre-implantation genetic diagnosis for genetic conditions
When should you seek help?
A woman’s age is the single most important factor affecting a couple’s chances of conceiving. That’s why it is strongly recommended you seek assistance after 6 months of trying if you are over the age of 35, and after 12 months of trying if you are under 35.
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